Federal Education Laws in Cleveland
Protecting the Rights of Students in Cleveland
The main purpose of federal education laws is to ensure that all children, regardless of any protected classification or disabilities have maximum access to the standard education curriculum. There are services and systems in place both in Ohio and across the country to see that every child has a chance to receive a proper education. At The Law Office of Daniel M. Margolis, LLC, our Cleveland education law attorney helps families like yourself who have run into questions and concerns about these laws.
The following federal laws in particular drive education and special education laws across the country:
- Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
- Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
- Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Understanding Federal Education Laws
Passed in 1975, and reauthorized in 2004, IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) guarantees that all public school students have the right to access the regular curriculum in the school they attend regardless of any disabilities they may have. IDEA guarantees children with disabilities a free appropriate public education (FAPE) in the least restrictive environment (LRE). IDEA also lays out certain rules that ensure school districts pay for the needs of students with disabilities in their district.
Special education laws in Ohio and at the federal level prohibit discrimination against people with disabilities. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act prohibits programs receiving federal funding from discriminating against people with disabilities, including schools.
In 1990, the ADA became a law, barring disabled individuals from being discriminated against in all aspects of the public. This act sets out standards and accommodations by which businesses and other entities, including schools, must comply in order to be accessible to any disabled individuals.
Other Education-Related Laws
Our Cleveland federal education lawyer has nearly 20 years of experience handling a wide range of education law matters for students and parents across Ohio. We are highly skilled at handling these cases and can explain all of the education laws that may pertain to your case in a language that anyone can understand.
There are a number of other laws that pertain to the equal and reasonable access to education, including:
- The Civil Rights Act of 1964:
In addition to the above federal laws, all public schools that receive federal funding are bound by Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which makes it illegal for anyone to be discriminated against based upon a number of classifications, including race, color, religion, sex, gender, or national origin.
- Title IX:
Title IX of the Educational Amendments Act of 1972 bars schools that receive federal funding from discriminating on the basis of sex and gender. This law is commonly applied to athletics in schools. It can also apply in certain cases to LGBT students who are being discriminated against because of sexual orientation.